André Green

​André Green was born in 1927 in Egypt. In 1946, already attracted by psychiatry, he travelled to Paris to study medicine, completing the psychiatry exams in 1953. He established links with St Anne’s Hospital, a unique centre at that time for multidisciplinary encounters between psychiatrists, psychologists and anthropologists. He was highly inspired by Hery Ey who was resident there from 1925 to 1965. In 1956, he started a four-year analysis with Maurice Bouvet. After Bouvet’s death, he had an analysis with Jean Mallet and later Catherine Parat. He followed Lacan’s seminars for a period of seven years.

In 1965, after completing his analytic training, Green became a member of the Paris Psychoanalytic Society (SPP) of which he was President from 1986 to 1989. From 1975 to 1977 he was a Vice-President of the International Psychoanalytical Association and from 1979 to 1980 a Freud Memorial Professor at University College London. He was elected an Honorary Member of the British Psychoanalytical Society.

Two threads permeate Green’s writings: on the one hand, the relevance of the paternal derived from Lacan’s work and on the other, the concern with the maternal connected, in different ways, with the work of Winnicott and Bion.

Over his life time, Green conducted a masterful and scholarly dialogue with philosophers, scientists and anthropologists. There are numerous gems of thinking to be found in his work, such as the link between the pleasure of life and the return of the repressed, or the phenomenon of irradiation (retroactive reverberation - anticipatory annunciation) in analytic listening. Major themes in his work are centred on a theory of affects, a theory of representation and of language, the work of the negative (with its constellation of concepts such as the dead mother, death narcissism, white psychosis and negative hallucination), narcissism and borderline states, the objectalising function, thirdness, and a metapsychological theory of temporality. In addition, he produced a body of work on applied psychoanalysis. According to Green, the aim of the psychoanalytic process is not so much to make something conscious, as to recognise the unconscious.

In 1975, Green stated: “The analytic object is neither internal (to the analysand or analyst) nor external (to one or the other), but it is in-between them”. In a session, the analytic object is like a third object, a product of the meeting of the analysand and the analyst.

Green suggests that in certain schools of thought, where the analysis is restricted to the interpretation of transference, there is a limitation of the analytic task that is prejudicial to the freedom and spontaneity of discourse, and represents a return to suggestion. He believed that all interpretations take place within the transference context (le cadre du transfert), even when they don’t allude to it. Moreover, all the material in any analysis contains elements belonging to different temporal dimensions.

In the analytic process the analyst is confronted by the fundamental experience of distress (hilflosigkeit) in the patient. The analyst’s counter-transference is receptive to the traces left by these infantile experiences. By inviting the patient to abandon the control mechanisms, the analytic situation may revive the traumatic situation.

André Green was one of the most important psychoanalytic thinkers of our times and created his own theory of psychoanalysis. This theory includes Freudian metapsychology, but pushes psychoanalytic thinking further, towards a theory of psychotic configurations and a theory of that which has not reached representation, or is unrepresentable. Thinking is related to absence and also to sexuality. The Greenian psychoanalytic framework may be viewed as a theory of gradients, where the total theory is more important than any one of its parts. Any of the terms may represent the whole, but it is the whole that needs to be considered.

Rosine Perelberg 2015

Selected Publications:

Green, A. (1975). Orestes and Oedipus. Int. Rev. Psycho-Anal., 2:355-364.

Green, A. (1986). The Dead Mother. In On Private Madness.  London: The Hogarth Press and The Institute of Psychoanalysis, pp. 142-173.

Green, A. (1997). The Intuition of the Negative in Playing And Reality. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 78:1071-1084.

Green, A. (1998b). The Primordial Mind and the Work of the Negative. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 79:649-665.

Green, A. (2000). The Central Phobic Position. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 81:429-451.

Green, A. (2004). Thirdness and Psychoanalytic Concepts. Psychoanal. Q., 73:99-135.



Green, A. (1986). On Private Madness. London: The Hogarth Press and The Institute of Psychoanalysis.

Green, A. (1999a) The Work of the Negative. London: Free Association Books.

Green, A. (1999b). The Fabric of Affect in Psychoanalytic Discourse. London: Routledge and The New Library of Psychoanalysis.

Green, A. (2001). Life Narcissism, Death Narcissism. [trans. A. Weller]. London: Free Association Books.

Green, A. (2002). Time in Psychoanalysis. London: Free Associations Books.

Green, A. (2002). Idées Directrices pour une Psychanalyse Contemporaine. Paris: PUF.

Green, A. (2011). Illusions and Disillusions of Psychoanalytic Work. London: Karnac.

Green, A. (2011). The Tragic Effect: The Oedipus Complex in Tragedy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Green, A. and Kohon, G. (2005). Love and its Vicissitudes. London: Routledge.

Click here to read Green's publications on PEP Web